Establishment of TPQI
The idea of establishing Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) was first considered in 2004. It was introduced by Office of the Vocational Education Commission (VEC) and Office of the National Economics and Social Development Board (NESDB) or generally known as “Sapapatna” after The Federation of Thai Industries (FDI) had recommend prime minister of that time to open an agency which acts as an operational center between private and state sector in order to upgrade Thai workforce’s skill and knowledge in consist with demand of employer who prioritizes working capacity, also to prepare Thai worker being adaptive of the upcoming free competition. The organization planned to create frameworks and evaluation criteria to standardize each level of professional qualification to determine capacity of Thai workforce along with strengthen all occupation classes to be able to set their own professional standard which will be used as a platform to develop all levels of human resource according to entrepreneur’s demand as Demand Driven supply of system.
The prime minister approved the idea and assigned Ministry of Education to launch “Thailand Professional Qualification Institute” project and “Drafted Royal Decree for Establishment of Thailand Professional Qualification Institute” to be presented to cabinet for official approval. However, since there were no specified missions and operational objectives which might be overlapped by ongoing operation of the Ministry of Labor, so the consideration of approval was postponed.
Later in 2008, the government announced educational reform policy for the second decade (2009-2018) with objectives to support creating and developing human resource in consist of structural changes in agricultural, industrial, trade and service industries. Therefore, Thai government adjusted the objectives to include global-standardized professional qualification legalization that would be used a tool to measure individual’s knowledge and skill. Creating such system, related agencies need to set a framework and regulation for each level of professional qualification which will become a standard to determine operational capacity of Thai workforce and strengthen domestic occupational class. The measurement could also promote Thailand to become education-based economy whose essential element is to develop human resource to cope with market’s demand. To be able to achieve that goal, there need to have workforce who possesses “appropriate competency” to support the upgrading of manufacturing and service based on education, and also developing new innovation.
That “Competency” must be systematically evaluable according to world standard so that it could be used as a tool to develop domestic workforce effectively, which would accordingly promote and support public and state agencies to produce highly-skilled employee who can answer the market’s demand. That would lead to increase the nation’s potential to compete.
Office of the Vocational Education Commission, subsequently, suggested the government to form by Thailand Professional Qualification Institute to develop professional qualification system in consist with the educational reform policy and the effort to drive Thailand to become education-based economy. The commission issued drafted Royal Decree for Establishment of Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) for the Ministry of Education, following the rule of law, to present to the ministerial cabinet for approval. Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) was enacted in the royal decree in 2011 as appeared in the 128th Royal Thai Government Gazette, episode 21st, page 5th on March 30th 2011 with secretary general of Office of the Vocational Education Commission taking a role of acting head of the institute. The institution started operation when the cabinet designated president and managing board of Thailand Professional Qualification Institute on June 18th, 2012. The institution has been operating until today.
Considering secure foundation for development of nation, human resource is a basic element which is important to improve economy and society including competitive efficiency in regional level and global community so that national development could be enforced continuously and subsequently form a sustainable environment. Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) or TPQI was established in according to 2011 Royal Decree for Establishment of Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) and was announce in Royal Thai Government Gazette on March 30th 2011. The organization is an agency under supervision of prime minister, and working to develop professional qualification system, support occupation class or vocation class to issue global-acknowledged professional standard, legalizing organization whose role is approve individual categorized by to professional standard, including acting as information center regarding professional qualification and professional standard in according to National 11th Economic and Social Development Plan (2012-2016), 2nd Strategy “Development of Human Resource to Sustainable Life-Long Learning Society”
To achieved the learning society, Thailand Professional Qualification Institute (Public Organization) have developed professional qualification system and issue professional standard by cooperating with all related agency both state and private sector covering national and international level, including supported group of entrepreneur in each occupation class and related individuals to jointly create the standard and measure to evaluate individual according to profession standard. These standard and measurement will be used to determine personal capacity based on professional standard before issuing professional qualification certification and certificate of professional standard. The documents will certify working capacity for the recipients, who have and do not have education qualification, that they have work experience and expertise in the occupation, and are readied for liberal labor movement in the ASEAN Economic Community.